I posted the ALERT from the Simon Wiesenthal Center which ends with a plea to pass around the special report that delves into some facts about Anti-Semitism rising again in Europe. Note that I said “again”. The last time Europe bought into a blame-the-Jew-for-everything mentality, people looked the other way as Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. Part of Hitler’s Master Race plan was to kill all the Jews in Europe. Hitler’s regime succeeded in slaughtering nearly 6 MILLION JEWS before Germany surrendered in 1945. This must not happen again! Do not hate a people that has absolutely no interest in any kind of world domination. Neither Jews as a people nor Israel has a nation has any interest in running the world politically on some grand political conspiracy scheme. Jews just want to go about their lives like anyone else and the Jews that live in Israel simply want to live in the homeland of their heritage in a nation that is trustworthy enough not to persecute Jews.
I am going to divide the PDF of this report into two parts. You can read the PDF file as one document if you follow the link below. You will find the end notes for both parts at the end of part two.
JRH 3/24/12 (Part One)
EUROPE AND THE JEWS 2012: DRAMATIC RISE IN ANTI-JEWISH,
ANTI-ISRAEL PREJUDICE Pt 2
By Dr. Harold Brackman
March 22, 2012
Today, perhaps the most significant political forms of new anti-Semitism are “Red-Green alliances” (which have nothing to do with environmentalism!). In Germany, these involve the extreme right-wing and left-wings converging around a shared anti-Semitic agenda under an anti-Israel banner; some German observers have coined a new term—Querfront—for political “crossover” phenomenon. A prime example in the UK involves British radicals making common cause with reactionary Muslims. London’s Mayor Ken Livingstone—an ally of Scottish parliamentarian and Saddam Hussein apologist George Galloway—rolled out the red carpet for Egyptian Sheikh Youssef al-Qaradawi- the spiritual godfather of the Muslim Brotherhood. Livingstone compared him to John Paul II, despite Qaradawi’s support of suicide attacks on Israel children, female mutilation, and the death sentence for homosexuals. Meanwhile, the British Communist Party and Trotskyist Socialist Workers’ Party institutionalized an ongoing alliance with the Muslim Association of Britain (MAB)—a front of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood—in opposition to the Iraq War. Abandoning the values of secularism, feminism, and gay rights, British leftists appealed to the anti-Jewish, anti-Israel prejudices of Pakistani immigrants and other Muslim Britons in hopes of using them as a tool to topple global capitalism. Such exploitation of anti-Semitism for political gain is not only despicable; it is dangerous, given statistics indicating that Muslims—3 percent of the UK’s population—account for over 30 percent of its anti-Jewish hate crimes.48
Across the Channel to France, Réseau (Network) Voltaire—a think tank and publishing house—has also betrayed its founding principles by marketing anti-Semitic and anti--American conspiracy theories, including the “thesis” of 9/11 Truthers—highly popular on both sides of the Atlantic—that Israel and the U.S. government were responsible for the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. In Paris, Revolutionary Communists make common cause with Muslim militants.49
Perhaps more than the Euro, conspiracy mongering—tinged with anti-Semitism—has become contemporary Europe’s most common currency.
Country-Specific Trends: 2011-2012 50
Right-wing extremists were responsible for most attacks during 2011, but the Muslim community—particularly, recent Turkish immigrants—played an increasing role.
Anti-Semitic incidents, including an attack on a girl attending school, increased during 2011. A poll indicated half of Muslim students were anti-Semitic. A right-wing party stepped up anti-Jewish rhetoric. The Belgian daily Le Soir French removed Israel from a print map.
Denmark was a hotbed of anti-Israel sentiment in 2011. On the radio channel “radio24syv” in 2011 Michael Jeppesen, the host of the program “Top 182,” referred to the pro-Israeli movement in USA as “the fucking Jew-lobby.”
Chairman Gideon Bolotowsky of Finland’s Central Council of Jewish Congregations in 2012 accused the chairman of the Left Alliance—presidential candidate and minister of culture, Paavo Arhinmäki—of anti-Semitism for criticizing Israeli “genocide.” Finnish Foreign Minister Erkki Tuomioja condemned Israel for “Apartheid.”
French Jewry in 2011 experienced knife attacks, severe beatings, the carving of a Swastika in the hand of a young girl, and three arson attacks, among other violent incidents. Most of the criminals were Muslim. Some government high school textbooks bashed Israel. A law against boycotting Israel was weakened. The French BDS announced in 2012 an escalating attack on Israel as “a racist and Apartheid state.” Former FN leader Jean Marie Le Pen in 2012 refused to recant his description of World War II gas chambers as “an insignificant detail.”
Contrary to most of the rest of Europe, anti-Semitic incidents increased during 2011, particularly in eastern Germany where neo-Nazis and environmentalist Greens sometimes made common cause. Neo-Nazis were mainly responsible for violence including terrorist motivated bank robberies and the murder of eight Turks, one Greek, and a policewoman. Hateful rhetoric toward Israel remained prevalent.
Against the backdrop of Greece’s economic implosion and resulting social crisis, anti-Semitic manifestations in 2011 involved both the right and the left. There were widespread claims that the country’s economic crisis was the result of a “Zionist conspiracy.” Mikis Theodorakis, winner of the International Music Council-UNESCO International Music Prize, declared: “Everything that happens today in the world has to do with the Zionists … American Jews are behind the world economic crisis that has hit Greece also.” The cemetery in Thessaloniki was desecrated multiple times. The anti-Semitic, extreme-right LAOS party was included in the government.
Traditional anti-Jewish prejudice continued in 2011, stirred up by the virulently extreme rightist Jobbik Party, which cultivated ties with Iran as well as other European far-rightists. A 2012 poll showed increasing levels of anti-Semitism.
With levels of anti-Semitism on the increase in 2011, the Dublin City Council sponsored a display presenting IDF soldiers as “Nazi troops” abusing Palestinians.
Violent Anti-Semitic incidents remained low in 2011, though five Neo-Fascists were arrested for planning an attack on the President of the Rome Jewish community and others. Anti-Israel propaganda increased—particularly through Internet sites. Actor Roberto Benigni was the victim of anti-Semitic slurs. Cobblestones to a Holocaust Memorial were stolen in Rome in 2012.
In Pristina in 2011, swastikas were sprayed on dozens of tombstones in a Jewish cemetery that had been recently restored by American and Kosovan students.
Pig’s heads or drawings of pigs were used in 2011 to desecrate a synagogue in Kovno and a Holocaust Memorial in Vilna. Hitler’s birthday was celebrated across the country. In an opinion piece in the Wall Street Journal in December, 2011, EU Ambassador to Afghanistan, Lithuania’s former Foreign Minister Vygaudas Ušackas, categorized the Nazi occupation of Lithuania (1941-1944) during which over 96 percent of the country’s Jewish community was murdered, in many cases by Lithuanian Nazi collaborators, as “a respite from the Communists while the Nazis were in control.” In a statement issued here today by the Simon Wiesenthal Center’s Israel director, Holocaust historian Dr. Efraim Zuroff, termed the comment “a grave insult to the victims of the Holocaust and especially to those murdered in Lithuania.” Lithuania continues to refuse to acknowledge the extent of the complicity by Lithuanians in the murder of their Jewish neighbors. On Lithuanian Independence Day in 2012, 300 Neo-Nazis marched through the center of Kaunas where they were addressed by five Parliament members including three belonging to Lithuana’s ruling Homeland Union party. Hundreds of anti-fascist demonstrators were denied a permit to hold a counter-march, while a Klaipeda court has ruled that the swastika is an innocent symbol of the ancient Lithuanian heritage.51
Parliament member Gerta Duisenberg declared: “I am almost proud to be called an anti-Semite.” The Dutch government indirectly funded through an NGO supporting the anti-Israel boycott campaign. Jewish schools faced intimidation. Neo-Nazis targeted the Ajax Football Club—identified as “Jewish.”
Anti-Israel propaganda continues to be a media staple during 2011. After Anders Beivik, a right-wing Norwegian, killed 77 people in a terror attack designed to protest Muslim influence, conspiracy theories multiplied blaming Jews and Israel for his act. NYTT NORSK TIDSSKRIFT (a new monthly publication) published an article propounding this thesis by Professor Ota Tunander.
Anti-Jewish incidents continued at significant levels in 2011. An anti-Jewish poster was
found in a 2012 calendar published for promotional purposes by the Warsaw Municipality. Anti-Semitic graffiti were spay-painted (sic) in Krakow. The letters “A” and “J” symbolizing Anti żydowskich (anti-Jew) and Star of David Were spray-painted.
There was widespread desecration in 2011 by Neo-Nazis and extreme nationalists of synagogues, cemeteries, and community centers. The authorities took little action, while removing the name of Jewish Holocaust victims from a memorial in Rostov.
In a country with the highest levels of anti-Semitism in Europe, the ECD Seguridad newspaper in 2011 reported two of Spain’s famous clown performers visiting a public preschool in the Basque city of Navarre and then joining with the toddlers in a local folklore festival. The children were all dressed as Arabs, replete with gowns, keffiyehs and in the case of the little girls, hijab scarves. The children’s costumes were meant to symbolize Arab ownership of homes in Israel to which they will return with the destruction of the Jewish state.
In addition to anti-Semitic incidents, and the continued failure of authorities in Malmö, to protect the Jewish community, the Swedish government in 2011 published an anti-Israel brochure accusing the Jewish state of “ethnic cleansing.” Moshe Kantor, the President of the European Jewish Congress, said in 2012 that Sweden has become the new center of anti-Semitism.
Contrary to most of the rest of Europe, anti-Semitic incidents increased there during 2011. The most disturbing hate crime was the stabbing of an Orthodox Jew in front of his family.
Great Britain in 2011 experienced a successful campaign to close down the “Ahava” (the renowned Israeli) cosmetics company in Covent Garden, along with an anti-Semitic outburst by fashion designer John Galliano, and attacks on Jews including rabbis in London. Labour member Paul Flynn claimed that Britain’s ambassador to Israel, Matthew Gould, "was serving the interests of the Israeli government.” The BDS Movement in 2012 targeted the Jewish National Fund. A Jewish student at LSE (London School of Economics) suffered a broken nose after he protested a Nazi-themed drinking game involving “saluting the Fuhrer” played by other students during their skiing trip to the continent.
Neo-Nazis and extreme Nationalists were chiefly responsible in 2011 for anti-Semitic attacks. There was a widespread anti-Semitic campaign in Uman (Cherkasskaya oblast) targeting Hasidic pilgrims to the burial place of one of the great Jewish tsaddiks, founder of the Bratslav branch of the Hasidic movement, Rabbi Nachman.
Conclusion: What Can be Done?
In today’s Europe, the continent’s oldest disease—Jew hatred—is mutating into new forms. Those who claim that the elimination of Israel would “solve the problem” are not only hateful but wrong: just ask the anti-Semites who tell pollsters they would still be anti-Semites even if the Jewish state ceased to exist. Our best hope for the future is a combination of honest, unafraid tolerance education with anti-bias laws punishing hate criminals who target Jews in word-and-deed.
If only Europe’s democratic leaders would follow the lead of Canada where, last October, Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s government became the first globally to sign the Protocol on Combating Anti-Semitism. Drawn up by international parliamentary experts in series of conferences in Ottawa, these Protocol reaffirms the “commitment to institute tangible measures” to counter “anti-Zionism” as a mask for global scourge of anti-Semitism. “The criticism of Israel similar to that leveled against any other country cannot be anti-Semitic,” the Protocol states. “But singling Israel out for selective condemnation and opprobrium—let alone denying its right to exist or seeking its destruction —is discriminatory and hateful, and not saying so is dishonest.” Leaving it for the rest of the world to fill in the dots, Prime Minister Harper declared: “a hateful ideology with global ambitions” is the “one which targets the Jewish homeland as a scapegoat” and is responsible for Jews being “savagely attacked around the world.”52
Would only that Europe’s leaders would head his warning and counsel!
The European challenge is continent-wide, but history gives it special weight at Europe’s center. The exclusive copyright, which the Bavarian state government has used to prevent German publishers from reprinting Mein Kampf, is expiring. Of course, the publication ban has had only limited effectiveness, especially in our Internet age when editions of Hitler’s genocidal blueprint are instantly available from download, not only in German, but in Arabic, Turkish, and Farsi to Germany’s four-million member Muslim minority. The federal government shouldn’t be criticized for its inability to deny Hitler’s ideas an audience either in Germany or in the Middle East. But Germany needs to do a better job of inoculating new generations against Nazi revivalism on both right and left. The German government also has it within its power to send a message by preventing high tech exports by German companies to Hitler’s Iranian heirs.53
In 2002, the OSCE set in motion a process designed to make Europe, at long last, safe for its historic Jewish minority. Now, a decade later, the process has made just minimal progress. As the ADL and Human Rights First have noted, the majority of the OSCE’s 56 member governments have failed to take even the first vital step—by honoring their collective commitment to collect data on anti-Semitic crimes.54
This is not the time for more declarations. We do need to gather more reliable statistics, but we have to move beyond that—now and without further delay. Europe’s governments must act to mobilize not only their bureaucratic resources but the moral energies of their people at the grassroots. Extremists—both left and right—must be met with both the force of law and public opinion—but above all, the young, including the growing number of young European Muslims, must be educated about why “Never Again” is a moral commandment and survival imperative for all.
Anti-Semitic prejudice and hate crimes, Holocaust Denial, demonizing Israel and denying its right to exist: all these must be the target of action before they produce a twenty-first century repeat of the collapse of tolerance and decency that permanently darkened the skies of twentieth century Europe.
1 Guy Millière, “The Full-Blown Return of Anti-Semitism in Europe,” Stonegate Institute, May 16, 2011,
2 Stephen Brown, “Canada: First Country to Sign Protocol on Combating Anti-Semitism,” Front Page Magazine, October 7, 2011, <http://frontpagemag.com/2011/10/07/canada-first-country-to-sign-protocol-oncombating-anti-semitism/>.
3 Irwin Cotler, “New Anti-Jewishness,” The Jewish People Policy Planning Institute, Alert Paper, No. 1 (November, 2002), pp. 3-4.
4 Bruno Waterfield, Dutch Police Use ‘Decoy Jews’ to Stop Anti-Semitic Attacks,” London Telegraph, February 8, 2012, <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/netherlands/7846704/Dutch-police-usedecoy-Jews-to-stop-anti-Semitic-attacks.html>.
5 Mark Elchardus, “Young in Brussels,” quoted in “Brussels: Half of Muslim Students are Anti-Semitic,” Islam in Europe, <http://islamineurope.blogspot.com/2011/05/brussels-half-of-muslim-students-are.html>, May 15, 2011. Elchardus, a sociologist, was sued by the Vigilance Musulmane advocacy group when he shared the findings of his 426-page report with the readers of the De Morgan newspaper.
6 Leonard Dinnerstein, Antisemitism in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), pp. 131, 146, 231; Renae Cohen, “What We Know, What We Don’t Know About Antisemitism: A Research Perspective,” in Jerome A. Chanes, ed., Antisemitism in America Today (New York: Carol Publishing Group, 1995), pp. 58-83; Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism (CFCA), Anti-Defamation League (ADL), “ ADL Poll Finds Antisemitic Attitudes on Rise in America,” November 3, 2011, <http://www.adl.org/NR/exeres/A546CBC4-266F-4B64-B325-56FD4E34E309,0B1623CA-D5A4-465D-A369-DF6E8679CD9E,frameless.htm>.
7 Pew Global Attitudes Project, “Unfavorable Views of Jews and Muslims on the Increase in Europe,” September 17, 2008, <http://www.pewglobal.org/2008/09/17/unfavorable-views-of-jews-and-muslims-on-theincrease-in-europe/>; Anti-Defamation League (ADL), “ADL Survey in Seven European Countries Finds Anti-Semitic Attitudes Steady; 31 Percent Blame Jews for Financial Crisis,” February 10, 2009, <http://www.adl.org/PresRele/ASInt_13/5465_13.htm>. The late historian Tony Judt’s massive Postwar: A History of Europe Since 1945 (New York: Penguin Books, 2005) is unsparing in its treatment of both western and eastern Europe’s wretched treatment of its surviving Jews. It would take a psychoanalyst to fully reconcile this book with Judt’s dying view of Israel as a country that should never have been created and should not now exist and the primary reason for persisting anti-Semitism. See Judt, “The Nature of European Anti-Semitism Today,” Shalom Center, January 1, 2005, <http://www.theshalomcenter.org/content/nature-european-antisemitism-today>; Benjamin Balint, “Future Imperfect: Tony Judt Blushes for the Jewish State,” in Edward
Alexander and Paul Bogdanor, eds., The Jewish Divide Over Israel (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2006), pp. 65-76.
8 Robert S. Wistrich’s A Lethal Obsession: Anti-Semitism from Antiquity to the Global Jihad (New York: Random House, 2010) is now the definitive, one-volume treatment of the evolution of Jew-hatred from “old” to “new.”
9 Pew Global Attitudes Project, “Unfavorable Views of Jews and Muslims on the Increase in Europe,” September 17, 2008, <http://www.pewglobal.org/2008/09/17/unfavorable-views-of-jews-and-muslims-on-theincrease-in-europe/>. The Pew poll put unfavorable attitudes toward Jews in the U.S. at 8 percent in 2004 and 7 percent in 2008. Pew’s measure of U.S. anti-Semitism is around half the ADL’s measure.
10 Anti-Defamation League (ADL), “Attitudes Toward Jews in Seven European Countries,” February 2009, <http://www.adl.org/Public%20ADL%20Anti-Semitism%20Presentation%20February%202009%20_3_.pdf>.
11 Jewish Federations of North America, “European Poll: Israel Biggest Threat to World Peace,” <http://www.jewishfederations.org/page.aspx?id=50080>.
12 Manfred Gerstenfeld, “Anti-Semitism: Integral to European Culture,” <http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DRIT=3&DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=111&FID=624&PID=0&IID=653&TTL=Anti-Semitism:_Integral_to_European_Culture>; Angus Reid Public Opinion, “Europeans See Israel As Threat To World Peace,” <http://www.angusreid.com/polls/26337/europeans_see_israel_as_threat_to_world_peace/>; Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism, “Antisemitic Theories on the Rise,” December 12, 2010, <http://antisemitism.org.il/article/13081/germany-antisemitic-theories-rise>.
13 Anti-Defamation League (ADL), Attitudes Toward Jews In Ten European Countries, March 2012 (prepared
by First International Resources, LLC), <http://www.adl.org/Anti_semitism/adl_antisemitism_
presentation_february_2012.pdf>, pp. 17, 28.
14 Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2010,” <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2010/general-analysis-10.pdf>; Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2009,” <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2009/general-analysis-09.pdf>; Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism, “Antisemitic Incidents,” <http://antisemitism.org.il/list/1>; European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, “Anti-Semitism Summary Overview of the Situation in the European Union 2001-2010,” <http://fra.europa.eu/fraWebsite/attachments/Antisemitism-update-2011.pdf>; Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Office for Democratic Institutions and Human and Rights, “Hate Crimes in the OSCE Region—Incidents and Responses : Annual Report for 2009, <http://www.osce.org/odihr/73636>; U.S. State Department, annual Human Rights Reports, <http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2010/frontmatter/154329.htm>; U.S. State Department, annual Religious Freedom Reports, <http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2010/c39459.htm>. The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights was formerly known as the European Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia.
15 See the sources cited and discussion herein of “Country-Specific Trends: 2011-2012.”
16 Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2010,” p. 7, <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2010/general-analysis-10.pdf>.
17 Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2010,” pp. 27-29, <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2010/general-analysis-10.pdf>; Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2009,” pp. 1-8, <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2009/general-analysis-09.pdf>.
18 Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism, “Yearly Evaluation: 2011,” p. 3,
19 Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism, “Yearly Evaluation: 2011,” p. 3,
<http://antisemitism.org.il/webfm_send/28>; Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism, “Antisemitic Incidents: 2012,” <http://antisemitism.org.il/list/1>. Antisemitic theories on the rise 12/12/10
20 Bradley Smith, Confessions of a Holocaust Revisionist (by the author, 1987); Pierre Vidal-Naquet, Assassins of Memory trans. by Jeffrey Mehlman (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993); Deborah Lipstadt, Denying the Holocaust (New York: Penguin Books, 1993); Robert Jan van Pelt, The Case for Auschwitz: Evidence from the Irving Trial (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002); Michael Shermer and Alex Grobman, Denying History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007); Melanie Phillips, Londonistan (New York: Encounter Books, 2006); Lipstadt, History on Trial: My Day in Court with David Irving (New York: Harper Collins, 2005).
21 Anthony Julius, Trials of the Diaspora: A History of Anti-Semitism in England (London: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 535-36.
22 “Anti-Semitism Is Still Flourishing throughout Germany, Study Shows,” Haaretz, January 12, 2012, <http://www.haaretz.com/jewish-world/anti-semitism-is-still-flourishing-throughout-germany-study-shows-1.408862>.
23 Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism, “Antisemitism in Italy on the Eve of the Holocaust Remembrance Day,” January 26, 2012, <Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism, “Antisemitic Incidents: 2012,”<http://antisemitism.org.il/list/1>; Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2010,” pp. 10-14, <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2010/general-analysis-10.pdf>; Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Addresses United Nations General Assembly,” World News Daily Information Clearing House, <http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article29193.htm>; Simon Wiesenthal Center, “Iranian Calls to Destroy Jewish People- Unparalleled Since Nazi Germany,” press release, February 6, 2012, <http://www.wiesenthal.com/site/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=lsKWLbPJLnF&b=4441467&ct=11622141>.
24 Abraham Cooper and Harold Brackman, “Swedish Organ Harvesting Report Revives Age-Old Blood Libel Against Jews,” Ynet, August 23, 2009, <http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3765291,00.html>; “MP Loses Party Support for Holocaust Denial,” Ice News, <http://www.icenews.is/index.php/2011/03/18/mp-losesparty-support-for-holocaust-denial/>.
25 Moshe Iofis, Germany’s Leaders Against Holocaust Denial and Anti--‐Semitism (2011), p. 26.
26 Alex Ryvchin “Europe Rewrites the Holocaust In Order to Revive Patriotic Traditions Free from Guilt,” Jerusalem Post, February 17, 2012, <http://m.jpost.com/HomePage/FrontPage/Article.aspx?id=86257917&cat=1>.
27 Rafael Medoff and Alex Grobman, Holocaust Denial: A Global Survey —2006, David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies, 2006, p. 8, <http://www.wymaninstitute.org/articles/HolocaustDenial2006.pdf>; Jennifer Lipman, “Antisemitic ‘Holocaust Denier’ in Charge of WikiLeaks Russian Distribution,” Jewish Chronicle Online, December 15, 2010,<http://www.thejc.com/news/world-news/42625/antisemitic-holocaust-deniercharge-wikileaks-russian-distribution>; Alana Goodman, Julian Assange: ‘Jewish Conspiracy’ Trying to Smear Me,” Commentary, March 1, 2012, <http://www.commentarymagazine.com/2011/03/01/julian-assange-%E2%80%98jewish-conspiracy%E2%80%99-trying-to-smear-me/>.
28 Iofis, Germany’s Leaders Against Holocaust Denial and Anti--‐Semitism, p. 25.
29 Robert S. Wistrich, “Anti-Zionism and Anti-Semitism,” Jewish Political Studies Review, Vol. 16, Nos. 3-4 (Fall, 2004), <http://www.jcpa.org/phas/phas-wistrich-f04.htm>; David Matas, Aftershock: Anti-Zionism and Anti-Semitism (Toronto: Dundurn Group, 2005), p. 190; Andre G. Bostom, The Legacy of Antisemitism: From
Sacred Texts to Solemn History (Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2008), pp. 653-62; Mark Durie, The Third Choice: Islam, Dhimmitude and Freedom (Melbourne, Deror Books, 2010); Meir Litzak, “The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Holocaust: Anti-Semitism and Anti-Zionism,” in Jeffrey Herf, ed., Anti-Semitism and Anti-Zionism in Historical Perspective: Convergence and Divergence (London: Routledge Paul, 2007), pp. 250-68.
30 Derek J. Penslar, “Anti-Semites on Zionism: From Indifference to Obsession,” in Herf, ed., Anti-Semitism and Anti-Zionism in Historical Perspective, pp. 1-19
31 Wistrich, A Lethal Obsession, pp. 403-408.
32 Julius, Trials of the Diaspora, pp. 539-40; “Baroness Tongue Fired Over Outburst Against Israeli Soldiers in Haiti,” London Telegraph, February 13, 2010, <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/liberaldemocrats/7225643/Baroness-Tonge-fired-over-outburstagainst-Israeli-soldiers-in-Haiti.html>.
33 John W. Miller, “EU Official in Trouble for Remarks on Jews,” Wall Street Journal, September 3, 2010, <http://blogs.wsj.com/brussels/2010/09/03/eu-commissioner-in-trouble-for-remarks-on-jews/>.
34 Benjamin Weinthal, “German Politician Belittles Holocaust,” Jerusalem Post, March 13, 2010, <http://www.jpost.com/JewishWorld/JewishNews/Article.aspx?id=170899>.
35 Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2010,” <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2010/general-analysis-10.pdf>, p. 15; “Sahlin Raps Malmö Mayor Over Jew Comments,” The Local: Sweden’s News in English, February 25, 2010, <http://www.thelocal.se/25210/20100225/>.
36 Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2010,” <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2010/general-analysis-10.pdf>, p. 16.
37 Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism in the 2010 Ukrainian Presidential Election,” Topical Brief No. 5, <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/articles/topicalbrief5.pdf>.
38 Péter Krekó, “Jobbik Needs Jews to Run the World,” Budapest Times, May 15, 2011,
39 Seymour Martin Lipset, “The Socialism of Fools—The Left, the Jews and Israel,” Encounter (December 1969), p. 24, quoted in the Jewish Virtual Library, <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Quote/king.html>.
40 Wistrich, Lethal Obsession, pp. 108, 277-78, 284-88; Werner Bergman and Rainer Erb, Anti-Semitism in Germany: The Post-Nazi Epoch Since 1945 (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1997), pp. 20-21; Pierre Birnbaum, “The French Radical Right: From Anti-Semitic Zionism to Anti-Semitic Anti-Zionism,” in Herf, ed., Anti-Semitism and Anti-Zionism in Historical Perspective, pp. 145-58.
41 Martin A. Lee, The Beast Reawakens (Boston: Little, Brown, 1997), pp. 177-83; Roger Griffin, ed., Fascism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 366-68; Nick Ryan, Into a World of Hate: A Journey Among the Extreme Right (London: Routledge, 2004), p. 55.
42 Wistrich, Lethal Obsession, pp. 288-89; Marc Tracy, “Is Marine a Different Animal?” Tablet (May 3, 2011), <http://www.tabletmag.com/scroll/66437/is-marine-a-different-animal/>; Ryan, Into a World of Hate, pp. 51-68.
43 Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2010,” <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2010/general-analysis-10.pdf>, pp. 20-21.
44 Wistrich, A Lethal Obsession, pp. 231-35; Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism, Anti-Jewish Comments by Politician,” <http://antisemitism.org.il/article/69681/anti-jewish-comments-politician>.
45 Stephen Roth Institute, “Antisemitism Worldwide 2010,” p. 21, <http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2010/general-analysis-10.pdf>.
46 “German Pol Decries ‘Jewish-Negro’ Alliance,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, November 11, 2008, <http://www.jta.org/news/article/2008/11/11/1000886/german-politician-decries-jewish-negro-alliance>; Benjamin Weinthal, “Neo-Nazis Plan Gaza ‘Holocaust’ Vigil in Berlin,” European Jewish Congress, January 22, 2009, <http://www.eurojewcong.org/ejc/news.php?id_article=3517>; “Neo-Nazi Terror Cell,” Spiegel Online, December 12, 2011, <http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,803136,00.html>.
47 Zvi Gitelman, “The Evolution of Soviet Anti-Semitism: From Principle to Pragmatism,” in Robert S. Wistrich, ed., Anti-Zionism and Anti-Semitism in the Contemporary World (Washington Square, New York: New York University Press, 1990), pp. 11-25.
48 Lorenzo Vidino, The New Muslim Brotherhood in the West (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010), pp. 144-45; Wistrich, A Lethal Obsession, pp. 397-99; Julius, Trials of the Diaspora, pp. 573-74.
49 David Aaronovitch, Voodoo Histories: The Role of the Conspiracy Theory in Shaping Modern History (New York: Riverhead Books, 2010), pp. 253-54; Witrich, A Lethal Obsession, p. 438.
50 The following section is based primarily on the Coordination Forum for Countering Antisemitism, Yearly Evaluation: 2011, <www.antisemitism.org.il>; Coordinating Forum for Countering Antisemitism, “Antisemitic Incidents: 2011-2012,” <http://antisemitism.org.il/list/1>.
51 Dovid Katz, “300 Neo-Nazis March through the Center of Kaunas on Lithuanian Independence Day; They are Addressed by Members of Parliament,” Defending History.com, http://defendinghistory.com/300-neo-nazis-march-through-the-center-of-kaunas-on-lithuanian-independence-day-they-are-addressed-by-members-ofparliament/31188
52 Brown, “Canada: First Country to Sign Protocol on Combating Anti-Semitism,” Front Page Magazine, October 7, 2011, <http://frontpagemag.com/2011/10/07/canada-first-country-to-sign-protocol-on-combatinganti-semitism/>.
53 “‘Mein Kampf’ Returns,” Wall Street Journal, January 21, 2012, <http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204616504577170681610210526.html>; “No More Business with Iran, Says Siemens,” Spiegel Online, January 27, 2010,
54 Michael Whine, “ International Organizations: Combating Anti-Semitism in Europe,” Institute for Global Jewish Affairs (October, 2004), <http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DRIT=3&DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=111&FID=614&PID=863&IID=1068&TTL=International_Organizations:_Combating_Anti-Semitism_in_Europe>; Anti-Defamation League (ADL), “ADL And Human Rights First: OSCE Governments Fail To Adequately Address Bias Crimes,” November 17, 2011, <http://www.adl.org/PresRele/HatCr_51/6170_51.htm>..
This is the end of Part Two. Click HERE for Part One.